In this space, visitors are invited to post any comments, questions, or skeptical observations about Philo T. Farnsworth's contributions to the field of Nuclear Fusion research.
Subject: Re: RF Resonance device (NMR) (Slightly off topic)
Date: Aug 19, 7:05 pm
Poster: Jones Beene
On Aug 19, 7:05 pm, Jones Beene wrote:
>Why duterated borane instead of the more standard hydrogen/boron fusion reaction?
Why would I want deuterated borane, if I am so lucky as to obtain some at moderate cost? for several reasons: easier containment, the ability to magnify the effect of a small number of neutrons and possible catalytic effects due to the very high neutron cross section of boron. Actual “fusion” with the B is out of the question at the energy level of this experiment.
Specifically, a small ouput of neutrons would be difficult to detect with my low budget equipment, and I wouldn't expect reaction rates to be much over background, anyway. I want to get an unmistakable signature and using a deuterated boron and the reaction (n + B10---> Li7 + He4 + 2.73 Mev) I can easily measure a gamma signature. Of course I could use D2 alone and add boron powder to the chamber which is what I will do if I can’t find the borane, but the molecule itself offers some other advantages.
This is all complicated and entwined, so stick with me and excuse the long post. It is good for me to go over this reasoning again, because I have never been totally clear on it myself.
Deuterium can decay to p + p + e- directly (~1.5 MeV), but the real difference from all other nucleii is that the huge effective distance between the two bosons and the low electric charge making it "loosely" bound. Heisenberg's door is open wide enough for weak and EM interactions to supply the missing energy for a "spontaneous" decay.
Deuterium exists only as a spin 1 (where the proton and neutron have their spin aligned). If one of the spins is flipped, then the deuteron actually falls apart. But it will immediately realign without some help. You guessed it- the boron. 10B “presents” nearly 4000 times its own geometric cross section to an incoming neutron. Now when you look at the size of a borane molecule and imagine that the boron nucleus looks 4000 times larger to the D, you get a picture of the kind of “trick” I am trying to pull off. By analogy you could call it nuclear catalysis.
Now on to Torsion Fields (spin fields). Torsion is more than a construct - many physicists believe that it is maniest as a quantum spin in empty space. Initial work in this area was performed by Einstein and Cartan in the 1920's, now known as ECT (Einstein-Cartan-theory). Most of the recent work has been done in Russia. The paper, "Electromagnetic Waves in the Vacuum With Torsion And Spin" by Kiehn is the best starting article.- on the web, at: http://www22.pair.com/csdc/car/carhomep.htm and http://www22.pair.com/csdc/car/carfre8.htm
The interaction of electromagnetic fields with charged paticles is well known and described through the Hertz/Maxwell/Ampere equations. However at higher field strengths and when fields are crossed, a number of anomalies have been documented. Some of these anomolies can be explained as the influence of lesser-known distinct or derivative fields, such as Torsion-spin. Spin can be induced with an special antenna or winding, which is about as much as I want to say about that for now.
So the idea I am pursuing is to introduce the RF from a simple UHF VHF transmitter at precise frequencies, as mentioned in my previous post, into the chamber which contains the borane along with the special antenna winding and neodium field magnets. And see what happens.
As an alternative theory, for those uncomfotable with spin fields, we can assume that the resonance neutron itself, when properly agitated, can contribute 1.7 MeV towards breaking the deuteron bond by freeing its own electron, and another 0.5 MeV is contributed by the incoming electron into the proton’s coulomb barrier “well,” after which the only energy “requirement” upon the incoming electron is that its final deBroglie wavelength upon approaching the nucleus be short enough to not overlap the proton until very close. This kind of weird quantum "swap" would happen occasionally anyway so its all a numbers game.
Will it work? Possibly, but with my crude equipment it would have to be a pretty robust reaction, and then one wonders why it wouldn't have been noticed before. Like in hospitals! Actually at 40 watts I will be pumping in millions of times more energy per pound than a patient gets in NMR... but doctors like to play around with those toys ater hours.
Anyway, that’s why I am being specific enough here to encourage anybody who is interested (and hopefully better funded) to participate. Like so many things on the fringe, you never really know till you try.
>Any chance NMR effects could be used to increase fusion cross-sections at selected energies for IEC type fusors?
>As a separate question, I understand that fusion cross-sections (without NMR) do show resonance peaks at specific energies which represent "metastable states" or something like that. This is masked in the usual cross-section plots because they are made for Maxwellian distributions, not the specific, narrow band, energies that may be possible with IEC devices. Can anyone clarify if this resonance broadening is significant?